The emergence of Digital twins

Sitwat Maroof     18th May 2020    

Heard of clones? Now get ready for digital twins!

To put it simply, a digital twin is a digital illustration of an actual body (submarine, car, power plant, etc.) or any conceptual system (organizational behavior, marketing funnel, psychiatric research, etc.) that can be investigated, revisited, and tested without engaging it in the physical world to prevent negative result.
In other words, it is basically a virtual version of a product or service or even a process that lets you examine the data and screen the systems to prevent problems from occurring and eliminate breakdowns. You can also use it as a simulation to create fresh opportunities and forecast future trends.
So, the principal concept of the digital twin was part of public discourse since 2002. Thanks to the growing integration of the Internet of Things (IoT) though, it became cost-efficient to practically apply so much so that it is now considered vital to some organizations. It was also termed the most significant of Gartner's Top 10 Strategic Technologies in recent years.  In the light of Gartner’s prediction of 21 billion IoT linked sensors 2020, it is no wonder that digital twins are in the making for billions of things.
What digital twins technology puts forward is the ability to construct hypothetical settings for products, processes, and services; essentially what-if scenarios. In this way, industries get to test everything and make alterations before having to put resources in on-the-ground implementation.  
Let’s have a look at some of the practical applications of the digital twin technology:
1.       Healthcare
In many healthcare institutes today, digital twin technology is serving as a virtual model for the development of advanced biotechnologies. IoT sensors can create digital copies of patients which can be governed by artificial intelligence (AI) to enhance medical care. For instance, a digital model allows healthcare professionals to perform complicated and risky procedures in a virtual framework instead of a physical patient.
2.       Business
Given that digital twin technology offer real-time insight into the state of mobile as well as immobile physical objects, assets, and equipment, it has made manufacturing extremely efficient by decreasing maintenance problems. Big firms that are running the oil fields and refineries have forecasted reduction in the maintenance costs of equipment to the tunes of millions of dollars by 2024.
3.       Entertainment
China introduced four human hosts along with their digital copies to the world at its Spring Festival Gala. No, those digital copies weren't just random projections because they combined machine learning, computer vision, and natural language processing to actually design the AI-powered digital twins of real-life hosts. So, you can now imagine digital nurses, teachers, doctors, etc.
4.       Public Administration
A digital copy of Singapore, imagine! Just thinking about all the details that went into a project like this makes one dizzy. They did it to augment the city management in order to make it compete better with other international cities. In this case, digital twin technology assists city management to monitor and improve energy consumption, to manage traffic flow, to increase tourism, and to maintain law and order. 

  #Internet of Things  #Digital Twins  #Artificial Intelligence  #Life Style  #Virtual Dimension
Sitwat Maroof

Sitwat is a technical writer of significant expertise and experience. She has written on the subjects of futuristic technologies, web/software development, cloud computing, cyber-security, data science, amongst others. She assists clients to reach their targeted audiences successfully.

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